straight forward health and safty advice
Confined spaces require special attention as there is a risk of death or
serious injury from hazardous substances or dangerous conditions
For this reason, always follow the guidance given in the Confined Spaces Regulations
and the associated Code of Practice [L101]. Examples of typical confined spaces are
given in the general guidance on this website.
A Risk Assessment that takes into account the hazards likely to be
encountered in the confined space must be undertaken. This must
consider the need for testing the atmosphere; a safe means of getting
into and out of the space, as well as suitable emergency rescue arrangements.
Remember, the main hazards associated with confined spaces are fumes from plant or
process entering the space, which could result in:
Use the information from the Risk Assessment to sort out the most effective
procedures to control the work. These may include the use of a permit-to-work
system, obtaining the correct equipment and providing information, instruction and
training to those doing the work.
The Supervisor must make sure that all of the necessary equipment, including suitable
rescue and first aid equipment, is available, in accordance with the
planned procedures, before any person enters a confined space.
The Supervisor must also make sure that the permit-to-work system and the planned
procedures are followed and that only authorised persons are permitted to enter the
asphyxiation due to a lack of oxygen
poisoning by toxic substances or fumes
explosions due to gases, fumes, dusts
fire due to flammable liquids, oxygen
electrocution from unstable equipment
difficulties of rescuing injured personnel